glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


C

Calcium a mineral that helps build and maintain strong bones and teeth, regulate heartbeat and muscle contractions, and ensure proper blood clotting. Adequate intake can help prevent or minimize osteoporosis.
Calories measurement of the potential of food to supply energy.
Candida (Candida albicans) a yeastlike fungus which reproduces by budding and is generally found in trace amounts in the mouth, skin, intestinal tract, and vagina of normal individuals. Candida is the organism most commonly associated with mycotic (yeast or fungus) infections. Such infections are referred to as candidiasis. Ordinarily, the growth of this fungus is kept in check by the immune system and by the beneficial bacteria of the body or flora.
Carbohydrates the body’s principal source of energy. Simple carbohydrates come from sugars; complex carbohydrates come from starches and fiber. The body converts them to glucose, which is used to energize cells.
Cell therapy promotes physical regeneration through the injection of healthy cellular material into the body. It is used to stimulate healing, counteract the effects of aging, and treat a variety of degenerative diseases such as arthritis, Parkinson's disease, atherosclerosis, and cancer. Although not approved in the United States, cell therapy is used throughout Europe and in many countries worldwide.
Cellulase an enzyme that breaks down cellulose cellulose, the carbohydrate that is the main part of the cell walls of plants. Animals such as cows produce cellulase but humans do not. This is why cows can get nutrition from plants such as grasses, while humans can not. (See enzymes.)
Cellulose the carbohydrate that is the main part of the cell walls of plants. Cellulose is nondigestible by humans because we to not produce the enzyme cellulase. Cellulose provides the bulk (or fibre) needed for proper functioning of the digestive and intestinal systems.
Chelation therapy series of intravenous injections of the synthetic amino acid EDTA (ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid), designed to detoxify the body of undesirable heavy metals such as lead, mercury, nickel, copper, and cadmium. Chelation therapy is often used to treat atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis by dissolving plaque that has built up in the circulatory system.
Chi (or qi) the "life force" according to traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine.
Chinese medicine a variety of ancient and modern therapeutic methods, including acupuncture, herbal medicine, massage, heat therapy, and nutritional and lifestyle counseling that treats a broad range of chronic and acute illnesses.
Chiropractic a drugless system of healing founded by D.D. Palmer in Davenport, Iowa in 1895, which is primarily concerned with body structure (particularly the spine) as it relates to body function and pathology; and which employs various physical treatments to improve the structure and function of the body, including manipulation or adjustments to the spine and that recognizes the innate healing capacities of the body and seeks, through a variety of approaches, to remove impediments to health. Training includes medical and chiropractic diagnosis, applications of physiotherapeutic modalities, exercise, rehabilitation and nutrition. A high priority is placed on preventive health and wellness education. (See also Subluxation.)
Cholagogue an agent that increases the flow of bile.
Cholesterol Substance manufactured by the liver and other organs and consumed via animal fat. High-fat diets increase the amount made. It is believed that high levels lead to collection of cholesterol in the arteries, possibly leading to serious health risks.
Choline A nutrient that helps prevent the accumulation of fat in the liver; aids in the detoxification of metabolic wastes and toxins.
Chromium Mineral important in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats; helps build lean muscle tissue and regulate blood sugar levels.
CLA (Conjugated linoleic acid) is a naturally occurring essential fatty acid shown to reduce body fat and increase muscle tone which scientists have discovered exerts a positive effect on protein and fat metabolism.
Coenzyme Q 10 Vital to energy production at the cellular level; used for endurance improvement. Supplementation may decrease fatigue, muscle weakness and obesity. Also recognized for its strong antioxidant properties.
Collagen a fibrous protein which makes up skin, bone, tendons, and cartilage. It is the most abundant protein in the body.
Colonic therapy colonic irrigations with fluid under gentle pressure are a method of and therapy for bowel cleansing designed to detoxify the large intestine.
Color Therapy the therapeutic use of various forms of color and light for physical, emotional, and spiritual benefit to the human body.
Complementary Therapies commonly refers to those therapies that complement, or are adjunctive to, standard or mainstream medical therapies.
Copper Mineral important in the formation of red blood cells; keeps bones, blood vessels, nerves and the immune system healthy.
Craniosacral therapy gentle manipulation of the brain, spinal cord, bones of the skull, sacrum and interconnected membranes--to correct misalignments and distortions in the structure and function of the craniosacral mechanism that surrounds the central nervous system.
Creatine Monohydrate maximizes the body’s level of stored creatine phosphate; results in increased peak athletic performance and shortened muscle recovery time.
Cystitis inflamation of the urinary badder, usually associated with a urinary tract infection.
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