glossary

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B

Balneotherapy the treatment of illness by baths (e.g., mud baths).
Beta-carotene a nutrient that is converted to Vitamin A by the body when needed. Contains antioxidant properties.
Bile also called gall, a bitter, yellow-green secretion of the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released in the small intestine (duodenum) during digestion when fat enters the first part of the small intestine from the stomach. Bile emulsifies fats preparing them for further digestion and absorption in the small intestine.
Bioelectromagnetics the scientific study of interactions between living organisms and electromagnetic fields, forces, energies, currents, and charges. The range of interactions studied includes atomic, molecular, intracellular, up to the entire organism.
Bioenergetics A method of studying and understanding the human personality in terms of the body and its energetic processes. Bioenergetic therapists believe that the body and mind are functionally identical and that repressed emotions affect the body and mind by creating chronic muscular tension and diminishing energy. Through movement, breathwork, psychotherapy and emotional release techniques, the person works to resolve these issues; also called Reichian Therapy.
Biofeedback the process of furnishing an individual with information, usually in an auditory or visual mode, on the state of one or more physiological variables such as heart rate, blood pressure, or skin temperature; it often enables the individual to gain some voluntary control over the physiological variable being sampled. Biofeedback is used especially for stress-related conditions such as asthma, migraine headaches, insomnia, and high blood pressure.
Bioperine a patented thermogenic nutrient; increases the body’s efficiency in the uptake of nutrients.
Biotin (Vitamin B) essential for metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates.
Bitter herb an herb that is bitter to the taste.
Body Mass Index (BMI) defined as your weight in kilograms divided by your height in meters squared (BMI = kg/m2). A BMI of 30 or above is considered obese.
Boron a mineral that may play a role in maintaining strong bones, affecting calcium and magnesium metabolism and proper membrane function.
Botanical medicine another term for herbal medicine--therapies of or derived from plants.
Botanical name the name given to a plant according to internationally accepted rules in which a species is identified by two technical names, the genus and the species. Such names, also known as "species names" should always be either underlined or printed in italics and the first word, which always identifies the genus to which the species belongs, should be capitalized.
Botanical Therapy or Herbal Therapy or Herbalism employs parts of plants (seed, stem, flowers, root, bark, leaf) for the relief of conditions, ailments, or complaints; the earliest known form of medicine.
Botany the science concerned with the study and classification of plants, the branch of biology dealing with plants.
Brown Rice (or "hulled rice") is unmilled or partly milled rice, a kind of whole, natural grain. Brown rice and white rice have similar amounts of calories, carbohydrates, and protein. The main differences between the two forms of rice lie in processing and nutritional content. When only the outermost layer of a grain of rice (the husk) is removed, brown rice is produced. To produce white rice, the next layers underneath the husk (the bran layer and the germ) are removed, leaving mostly the starchy endosperm.
Bursa a sac filled with synovial fluid to cushion an area where a muscle or tendon rubs against a bone.
Bursitis inflammation of a bursa.
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